What Gemstones Are Found In England?

What Gemstones Are Found In England - gemstones universe


Would you believe that there are gemstones hidden all over England? Diamonds, rubies, sapphires – you name it! And while you’re unlikely to stumble on one of these precious stones while out for a walk, there are plenty of great places to go hunting for them. In this blog post, we’ll tell you about some of the most famous gemstone locations in England.

What Gemstones Are Found In England?

1. Diamonds

In England, diamonds are found in a variety of locations. The most famous deposit is at the Cullinan Mine in South Africa, where the largest diamond ever discovered was unearthed.

However, significant deposits have also been found in Australia, Brazil, and Russia. In recent years, a new source of diamonds has been discovered in the form of marine deposits.

These are created when saltwater currents transport diamonds from land to the seafloor, where they are then deposited on the ocean floor.

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As a result, England now has a diverse selection of diamond deposits that provide an abundance of these precious gemstones.

2. Sphalerite

Sphalerite is a mineral that is commonly found in England. gemstones of this type have a  high concentration of zinc, making them valuable for use in jewelry and other decorative items.

The stones  derive  their name  from  the  Greek  word  “sphaleros,”  meaning  ” deceptive.” This is due to the fact that, when viewed from certain angles, they can resemble diamonds or other precious stones. 

Sphalerite gemstones vary in color, but the most common shades are black, brown, or yellow. These stones are relatively soft, which makes them easy to cut and shape. As a result, they are often used in low-cost jewelry. 

In addition, sphalerite has a high refractive index, which means that it can create a bright sparkle known as “fire.” For this reason, these stones are sometimes referred to as “false diamonds.” Despite their relatively low value, sphalerite gemstones are still sought-after by many people for their distinctive appearance.

3. Pyrite

The discovery of pyrite gemstones in England is a recent development in the world of geology. While the mineral has been known for centuries, it was only recently that miners discovered deposits of high-quality pyrite in the hills of northern England.

Since then, these striking gemstones have become increasingly popular among collectors and jewelry designers.

Pyrite is a relatively soft mineral, which makes it ideal for cutting and shaping into cabochons and other gemstone shapes. The stone typically has a dark yellow or golden color, but can also be found in shades of green, blue, or brown. 

In addition to its attractive appearance, pyrite is also prized for its metaphysical properties. Many believe that the stone can help to promote courage and confidence, while others use it as a talisman for good luck.

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4. Fluorite

Fluorite is a beautiful, brightly colored mineral that has been used in jewelry and lapidary work for centuries. One of the most notable deposits of fluorite in the world is located in England’s Derbyshire district.

The Derbyshire fluorite mines have produced some of the finest examples of the mineral, including specimens with spectacular color zoning and intricate crystalline structures. 

In recent years, interest in fluorite gemstones has grown significantly, and Derby-based miners and lapidarians have been at the forefront of this resurgence. Thanks to their skill and expertise, Derbyshire is once again home to some of the most sought-after fluorite gemstones in the world.

5. Calcite

Calcite gemstones are found in a variety of colors, but the most common are white and clear. They can be found in a number of different locations around the world, but England is one of the most popular destinations for calcite hunting. The reasons for this are twofold. 

  • First, England has a long history of mining and quarrying, so there are plenty of old mines and quarries that have been abandoned and are now open to the public.
  • Second, calcite is relatively soft, so it is easy to find pieces that have been eroded or broken off from larger rocks. 
  • This makes it an ideal stone for beginners who want to try their hand at gemstone hunting.

6. Beryl

Beryl is a family of gemstones that includes emerald, aquamarine, morganite, and other lesser-known stones. The beryl family is found in a variety of colors, but some of the most prized examples are found in England.

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The English countryside is home to several deposits of beryl, and these stones have been treasured for centuries. 

The greenish-blue stones were particularly popular during the Victorian era, when they were often used in jewelry and other ornamental objects.

Today, English beryl is still highly sought-after by collectors and jewelers alike. Thanks to its stunning color and rich history, English beryl remains one of the most desirable gemstones on the market.


If you are interested in finding gemstones in England, there are a few resources that can help. The first is the website of the British Geological Survey (BGS), which has a detailed map of where different types of gemstones can be found throughout England.

The second resource is the book “Gemstones of Great Britain and Ireland” by Geoffrey Unsworth, which provides information on more than 100 different gemstones that have been found in these countries. With either of these resources, you should be able to find some great gems to take home with you from your trip to England!

What Gemstones Are Found In England?

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