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Where To Find Gemstone Mines In Madagascar?


As one of the world’s top gemstone producers, Madagascar is a prime destination for anyone looking to find gems. The country is home to a large number of mines, which are scattered throughout its various regions.

Here we provide an overview of the most notable gemstone mines in Madagascar. So if you’re looking for some adventure and a chance to find rare gems, read on!

History of Gemstone Mining in Madagascar

Madagascar is blessed with an abundance of natural resources, including a wide variety of gemstones. For centuries, people have been mining these precious stones and using them to create beautiful jewelry and other adornments.

Some of the most popular gemstones found in Madagascar include sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. In recent years, mining operations have expanded to include other gemstones such as topaz and tourmaline.

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The history of gemstone mining in Madagascar is a long and fascinating one, and it continues to play an important role in the country’s economy today.

Where To Find Gemstone Mines In Madagascar?

1. Andranondambo

Andranondambo is a small village in the middle of Madagascar, home to one of the country’s most important gemstone mines. The area around Andranondambo has been mined for centuries, and the quality of the stones found there is among the best in the world. In recent years, the mine has been developed and expanded, making it one of the largest and most productive in Madagascar. 

The Andranondambo mine produces a wide range of gemstones, including sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. The majority of the stones are sold to international buyers, who value their exceptional quality.

The Andranondambo mine is an important source of income for the village and its surrounding community, and it plays a vital role in the economy of Madagascar.

2. Ilakaka

The Ilakaka gemstone mines are located in the southern region of Madagascar. The area is well known for its production of sapphires, rubies, and other precious stones.

The mines are situated near the town of Ilakaka, which has a population of around 10,000 people. The majority of the town’s residents are employed in the gemstone mining industry. 

In recent years, the Ilakaka gemstone mines have been responsible for a significant increase in Madagascar’s GDP. The sapphires mined in Ilakaka are some of the finest in the world, and they fetch a high price on the international market.

In addition to sapphires, rubies, and other precious stones, the mines also produce a large quantity of semi-precious stones such as amethysts and citrine.

3. Andilamena Region

Andilamena is located in the central highlands of Madagascar and is home to some of the country’s most productive gemstone mines. Among the most popular stones mined in Andilamena are sapphires, rubies, and emeralds.

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Andilamena is also known for its rare and valuable “star” sapphires, which display a star-shaped pattern when viewed from certain angles. 

In addition to its richness in precious stones, Andilamena is also home to a number of different minerals, including iron, copper, and gold.

The region’s mines have been in operation for centuries, and they continue to produce a significant quantity of gemstones each year. As a result, Andilamena is one of the world’s premier sources of quality gemstones.

4. Andrebabe

Madagascar is home to some of the world’s most valuable gemstones, including sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. The island nation is the only source of many of these precious stones, making it a vital supplier to the global jewelry market.

Andrababe is one of the most productive gemstone mines in Madagascar. Located in the southern part of the country, Andrababe is known for its high-quality sapphires. 

The mine has been in operation for over 20 years and employs a team of experienced gemologists. In addition to sapphires, Andrababe also produces rubies, emeralds, and other semiprecious stones.

Thanks to its reputation for quality and reliability, Andrababe is one of the most important gemstone mines in the world.

5. Moramanga

Madagascar is well known for its production of high-quality gemstones, including sapphires, rubies, and emeralds. The Moramanga region, in particular, is noted for its sapphire mines.

These mines are located in an area of dense vegetation, and the only way to access them is by foot. In addition to being physically demanding, mining for gemstones can also be dangerous. miners often work long hours in difficult conditions, and there is always the risk of collapse or cave-ins. 

However, the rewards can be significant. A single sapphire can be worth tens of thousands of dollars, and many of the world’s most valuable gemstones come from Madagascar.

For those willing to take the risk, Moramanga’s gemstone mines offer the potential for a very lucrative haul. 

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6. Didy

The Didy region of Madagascar is home to some of the world’s most valuable gemstone mines. Rubies, sapphires, and emeralds can all be found in the area, making it a major source of these precious stones.

The mines are located in a remote part of the country, and the conditions are often harsh. Workers must contend with extreme heat and difficult terrain, and many have to carry heavy loads of gemstones for long distances. 

Despite these challenges, the Didy region has been a major source of gemstones for centuries. In recent years, however, the mines have become increasingly difficult to access due to political instability in the region.

This has led to a decline in production, and many workers have been forced to leave their jobs. However, the Didy region remains an important source of gemstones for the global market, and its future prospects remain bright.

7. Ambodivoahangy

The Ambodivoahangy Gemstone Mines are located in the Sava Region of northeastern Madagascar. The area is well-known for its rich deposits of sapphires, rubies, and other precious stones.

The mines are operated by a local cooperative, which employs a team of expert gemologists to extract the stones from the rock. 

The majority of the gems are sold to international buyers, who use them to create fine jewelry and other luxury items. In recent years, the Ambodivoahangy Gemstone Mines have become one of the leading suppliers of high-quality gemstones in the world.

8. Vatomandry

The Vatomandry Gemstone Mines are located in the Vatomandry region of Madagascar. The mines are well known for their high quality rubies and sapphires.

In addition to these precious stones, the mines also produce a variety of semi-precious stones, including aquamarine, tourmaline, and peridot. The Vatomandry Gemstone Mines are one of the largest sources of rubies and sapphires in the world. 

The high quality of these stones has made Madagascar a leading exporter of gemstones. In addition to supplying the international market, the Vatomandry Gemstone Mines also provide gemstones for use in local jewelry and crafts.

The beautiful colors and unique patterns of these stones make them highly prized by both jewelers and collectors.

9. Ambohimandroso

Ambohimandroso is a small town in central Madagascar, best known for its gemstone mines. The area surrounding Ambohimandroso is rich in sapphires, rubies, and other precious stones, and the town has long been a center of the gem trade.

In recent years, the mines have become increasingly popular with tourists, who come to experience the thrill of searching for their own priceless treasure. 

Although the mines are not open to the public, there are a number of tour operators who offer guided tours of the area. These tours typically last for around two hours and include an explanation of the mining process as well as a chance to search for gems in one of the mine’s many trenches.

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For those interested in exploring Ambohimandroso’s gemstone mines, a guided tour is the best way to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.


Gemstone mines can be found all over Madagascar, but the best and most well-known mines are in the northeast region of the country. If you’re interested in mining gemstones in Madagascar, it’s important to do your research first to find the right area for you.

There are many different types of gemstones found in Madagascar, so be sure to know what type of stones you’re looking for before starting your search. With a little bit of effort, you’re sure to find the perfect mine to start your gemstone mining business!



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